Vape juice aka : e-juice , e-liquid, juice. From now on we will just call it "juice:
Has four main ingredients
- Vegetable Glycerin
- Propylene Glycol
What is Vegetable Glycerin (VG)
Vegetable glycerine is a clear and thick liquid typically derived from soybeans or palm trees. It can be also made from animal fat although less common in e-liquid
People confuse this with vegetable oil because of the thick texture, but VG is not the same. VG is water soluble and vegetable oil is not.
VG is generally regarded as safe by the FDA
Where else can you find VG in daily life?
VG is used in the food industry as a sweetner. It also is used as a food additive to retain moisture, helps foods thicken and homogenize different ingredients.
VG is used in in skin cream to preserve moisture as well as increasing solubility of other ingredients to make it more absorbable by the skin.
VG is a household ingredient found in personal care products: makeup, shampoo, deodorant, soap, skin and hand cream, toothpaste and eye drops.
What does VG do for your vaping experience?
VG affects the amount of vapor produced due to the thickness of the liquid. The higher the VG ratio, the "thicker" the clound.
VG is known for a smoother throat hit.
Propylene Glycol (PG)
Propylene Glycol is a colorless and odorless liquid derived from petroleum with a faintly sweet taste. PG has a syrupy texture but is runnier compared to vegetable glycerin.
Propylene Glycol is often confused with a toxic chemical found in antifreeze called Ethylene Glycol. Due to the high toxicity of ethylene glycol, many manufacturers are now using an alternative called Propylene glycol. PG is a chemical that is used in products for people and pets whereas ethylene glycol requires proper handling.
Propylene glycol is a chemical approved by the FDA for human ingestion, and it is not considered cancerous.
Where can you find PG in daily life ?
PG is commonly used as a food additive due to its ability to retain moisture, making ingredients thicker, as well as bonding different ingredients together.
Foods using PG as an additive: salad dressing, ice cream, soft drinks, packaged frosting, boxed cake mix, commercial food coloring.
Cosmetic products that use PG: shampoo, lotion, mouthwash, ointments, toothpaste, and deodorant.
How does PG effect your vaping experience
PG is used as a vehicle in e-juices to carry the flavoring. Thus, the higher the PG ratio, you’ll get a sharper flavor compared to VG.
Some people are sensitive to PG, and if you have allergic symptoms such as a sore throat or skin irritation, it may be best to opt for an e-juice with higher VG ratio
WHAT ARE FLAVORING CONCENTRATES?
Flavoring concentrates in e-juices use a combination of natural and artificial flavoring to replicate the taste of a food or drink.
E-juice manufacturers use ‘food grade’ or ‘GRAS’ flavoring concentrates approved by FEMA (flavour extracts manufacturers association). Although the flavoring concentrates are food grade, the effects of inhalation of these concentrates are not fully understood.
Flavoring concentrates are found in baked goods, soda, candy, and any processed foods that have some sort of artificial flavoring.
When vape juice flavors are created, a simple flavor such as strawberry can take a combination of different flavoring concentrates to replicate the feeling of eating a strawberry. Mixology is a science and an art.
WHAT IS NICOTINE?
Nicotine is an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants such as tomatoes, eggplants, potatoes, and tobacco.
Nicotine is a highly addictive substance and one of the main reasons why cigarettes are difficult to quit.
Nicotine is considered a stimulant but also works to relax a person as well.
Many people wrongly assume that nicotine is what causes cancer in cigarettes but it’s the tar and other additives in cigarettes that have carcinogenic properties when inhaled. Nicotine is highly addictive, but there are no scientific studies to support that nicotine causes cancer.
WHAT IS NICOTINE USED FOR?
To help smokers quit, nicotine is used in nicotine gum, nicotine inhalers, nicotine patches, and e-liquid.
Quitting cigarettes cold turkey is difficult due to strong nicotine cravings.
Nicotine is used in vape juices and other nicotine replacement therapies to aid people in quitting cigarettes. Many people vape to get the smoking sensation as well as getting nicotine in a less harmful manner.
Because nicotine in vape juice is used as a quitting aid, 0 nic vape juice is also available. It can be used as the last step to lowering your nicotine intake for good.
HOW DOES NICOTINE AFFECT THE VAPING EXPERIENCE?
Vaping nicotine can come in different levels such as 0 mg- 50 mg
Not all vape juices contain nicotine as you can order 0 mg nicotine e-juices if you were to quit nicotine but still keep the smoking sensation.
The higher the nicotine levels, the harsher the throat hit. Nicotine has a peppery taste and can make the flavor harsher.
There are two kinds of nicotine: freebase nicotine and nicotine salts.
Freebase nicotine is also referred to as regular nicotine and is the most commonly found in 0 mg, 3 mg, 6 mg, and 12 mg.
Nicotine salts are relatively new and what makes them different from regular nicotine (freebase) is that vapers can vape at higher nicotine strengths without getting the harsh taste as you would with freebase nicotine. It is the closest vaping experience that delivers nicotine as a cigarette would.
Nicotine salts also are known as nic salts. Nic salts are commonly found in the 25 - 50 mg nicotine strengths.
All e-juice bottles are required to be child-proofed to avoid children from drinking e-juice bottles Nicotine overdose in children can be fatal.
Credit to Ruthless Vapor